National Reports

06/04/2014 -
Edition 542

Given requests by legislators, motivated by the aggravation of the insecurity, the Cabinet’s Chief of the central government made clear that management of police and justice is a provincial responsibility. This assertion is partially correct, since a great part of the problem relies on the centralization of public funds. In any case, self-criticism among the provincial administrations is also required since they are also responsible for the lack of federalism and mediocrity in the management of their responsibilities.

30/03/2014 -
Edition 541

Although there has been a significant improvement in income distribution since the crisis of 2002 the dissatisfaction among the population is growing. While the middle class suffers an unprecedented growth in the fiscal pressure, no correspondence is perceived in improvements of the government services or the living conditions of the most disadvantaged in spite of a strong increase in public expenditure. This inconsistency will not be solved by creating further welfare programs in order to benefit the poor or reducing the income tax to gratify the middle class. What it is urgently required is a profound change in the quality of state management. 

23/03/2014 -
Edition 540

In the context of economic stagnation, the negative social consequences of low institutional quality are evident, such as the barriers which discriminate against youth employment, especially women. While in developed countries social progress relies on high rates of youth and female employment, in Argentina the entry of young to the labour market is heavily conditioned by low education, costly and bureaucratic labor and tax regulations, and the absence strategies for promoting responsible sexual behavior.   

16/03/2014 -
Edition 539

The devaluation caused an extraordinary increase in tax collection, but the increase in public spending was higher due to the strong growth of economic subsidies. As expected, the attempts to go back to the “productive model” through devaluation are failing since the current context is very different from the one on which salaries and pensions were lowered during the 2002 crisis. The deteriorating balances of the companies providing public services due to the devaluation will require higher economic subsidies.  

09/03/2014 -
Edition 538

The federal government is decisively intervening on the teachers’ salaries negotiation, but provides a marginal and shrinking proportion of the remuneration. This contradiction generates the conflict, leading to the irrational situation where even provinces that have reached agreements with the unions are not beginning classes either. Instead of interfering in the wage negotiation, the federal government should support financially the provinces in order to reduce teacher absenteeism and droppouts, and to improve quality education. 

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